There are thousands of stocks you can trade on any given day. The potential number of trade opportunities can feel overwhelming to the untrained eye. Do you pick popular stocks like Apple or Google to trade? Do you just play IPOs and shoot for a quick flip based on the hype? Maybe you scan the market in hopes of finding stocks that best fit your trading methodology. If you were looking for a simple list of high volume stocks that you can trade everyday and make boat loads of money, you have come to the wrong place. Finding the best stocks to day trade requires work and quite a bit of research on your part. In this article I will illustrate 7 methods you can use to identify the best stocks to day trade.
Start Your Day Early
I am going to cover a number of approaches below that you can use in both the pre-market and during the trading day to identify the best stocks to day trade. Regardless of which approach best fits your day trading style, the one thing required for each selection process is you must get an early start to the trading day. Gone are the days where you can show up at your desk at 9:15 am, log on and start placing trades. The market is getting faster and faster with the increased trading volume from hedge funds. At a minimum, you should start your prep work at 8 am. This will provide you enough time to conduct your morning research and configure your monitors with the stocks you are actively tracking for the day.
#1 Find the Best Stocks to Day Trade with Pre-market Movers
For those of you that have been trading for some period of time you will know that the pre-market is one of the street's favorite ways to head fake you. A stock could be up 6% in the pre-market only to open up 2% at 9:30 am. The reason for the large price swing is due to the thin volume that can carry a stock either way outside of the regular trading session.
I start my scanning at 8:00 am sharp. This gives me a full hour and a half before the market opens to conduct my research. Below is what you want to look for when scanning stocks during the pre-market.
- Stocks greater than $5 dollars. Before all you penny stock traders begin yelling, I have nothing against you, it is just I have tight stops on my trades and trading a $1 dollar stock does not leave me much room.
- Volume needs to be somewhat heavy. If you see a stock up 20% on 200 shares then look the other way.
- Once you see a stock that is up on decent volume and above $5 dollars you will want to check the volume average for the last 30 days. This step is critical because you can filter out all of the stocks that normally trade thinly and are not good candidates for day trading.
- Make sure you review the broader value of the futures market for the major indices (Dow, NASDAQ and S&P). While breakouts can move independently of the market, it's always a good idea to go in the direction of the broad market.
Your trading platform should provide you with the pre-market movers; however, if the scans are not thorough enough below is a list of resources:
- NASDAQ pre-market values
- Stock Market Analysis - list the pre-market movers every morning
- Stock Market Watch - provides top gainers and losers but also displays the pre-market value of the major indices.
#2 Only Trade Stocks with High Volume
Fans of the Tradingsim blog know my thoughts around the amount of capital required to make it in this game. So, assuming you have hundreds of thousands of dollars at your disposal you will need a stock with enough volume to allow you to quickly enter and exit the trade with ease. My personal minimum is 40,000 shares per 5-minute bar. If you have a brokerage account your respective firm should have a most active list. This is a good start, but will only contain the top 20 or so stocks. You will need a scan that is a little broader and provide you trading opportunities that is not being tracked by every investor. You will want to also find stocks that are rising on high volume relative to themselves. For example, if a stock normally trades 2 million shares a day, but has 5 million shares traded before 10 this is something of note. You may be saying to yourself, well these will show up in the most popular in my trading platform, but this is not always the case because again your brokerage platform may only return a maximum number of stocks (i.e. top 10, 20). If your trading platform does not provide you with a robust screener for high volume stocks below are some great resources:
- Unusual Volume provided by Yahoo Finance.
- Bar Chart provides a list of over 200 symbols
- The Street provides not only the high volume stocks but also has a scan for stocks trading under $5 for all you penny stock lovers out there
#3 Develop your Own Watch list
You will need to develop your own list from stocks you follow on a daily basis. Again, due to the large number of stocks on the exchanges, it's best to focus on specific sectors. Below is a list of popular ones:
- Precious Metals
Once you have identified one or two sectors you would like to follow, began to track the movement of the top issues. Give yourself a few months of consistently watching the stocks and the sectors in terms of their price movements. As a follower of the Richard Wyckoff method you know that each sector and stocks will have an 'operator' that is in control of the market action. This operator is the investor with the most money in your stock; therefore they have a controlling interest. To give you a tangible example, during the summer of '08 I began to track the gold market heavily. Everyday like clockwork stocks Royal Gold (RGLD) and Golden Star Resources (GSS) would have sharp reversals at 10 AM. My system of buying or selling short on breakouts of the morning's trading range would fail consistently with these precious metal stocks. While experience taught me to avoid this particular sector for 6 months, you could use the watch and learn approach to understand how a particular market moves in order to gain an edge over other traders.
The one challenge with building a list is limiting the number of stocks you watch within 1 or 2 sectors. Sine you are manually tracking these stocks and building a sense of touch for how they trade. At most you should only track 10 stocks per sector, so this gives you a maximum of 20 stocks you can follow at any one point.
#4 Look back over your trade history
Instead of looking to someone else for advice on what the best stocks to day trade are, how about looking at your own trade performance. I guarantee there is at least one stock you trade on a regular basis for one reason or another. Funny thing is you will not be able to explain why you keep gravitating to that particular security. Call it your soul mate or just your stock of choice. Your comfort level with the stock will make you feel like you "own" its movements. You can move in and out of the stock with ease and generally make a profitable trade on each attempt. For me I couldn't get enough of Baidu Incorporated (BIDU). For all of you fans of the show Scandal she was my Olivia. I would track BIDU everyday even if she wasn't moving much. For some reason I was able to predict her movements and never found myself fighting the trade. So, look back over your trade history, is there one stock that keeps popping up on your list of trades?
#5 Social Media
This is a more recent technique for scanning the market and I haven't tried it personally (I guess I'm too old), but I will give it a shot to illustrate exactly how you can go about searching the social world to find stocks to day trade. The reason I avoid searching social media sites or read news events is because I do not want anything positively or negatively impacting my view on a stock. I base my trade decisions solely on the price and volume action of the stock. Now that I have my disclaimer out of the way, let me try boosting your comfort level and talk about how I would scan the social arena.
StockTwits streams the hopes and random thoughts of investors for each security. They even have a market sentiment factor which displays at the top of each wall for the respective stock. In terms of which stocks to best day trade, if you visit the homepage you will see a list of stocks across the top which are trending. These are stocks that members are actively discussing. You will quickly notice that these are the stocks in the news, but there are times where members are discussing a move in a stock during the middle of the day before a news publication is able to produce an article.
Similar to StockTwits but with a twist, is the popular list charts being viewed on Stockcharts.com. Two things I like about Stockcharts are the site provides a time stamp of when the data was last pulled. This sounds simple, but this is critical when minutes can mean the difference between winning and losing. The other cool feature is Stockcharts displays which stocks are consistently popular over time with their user base.
I would be re-missed if I did not mention Tradingsim. We are weeks away from deploying a new version of the market movers component for our trading simulator. What market movers will provide you is a list of the top 20 losers and gainers for every day in the stock market. For me when I would do my historical scans, I would have a tough time identifying which stocks were trending on a given day. Market movers will allow you to pick a day 6 months in the past and you can actually see what the hot stocks were for the day. Just as you would research and track the hot stocks for each morning, market movers automatically provides this function for you on historical days, so you can just focus on practicing day trading.
#6 Monitor the Earnings Calendar
One event that is sure to bring about increased volatility is the reporting of earnings. You will want to keep track of who is up on deck for the week, that way you can start to monitor how the stock is trading going into the earnings announcement. I AM NOT advocating you place a trade before the earnings are reported, because this is another form of gambling. You will however want to know ahead of time who are the likely movers, so you can add them to your watch list. This will reduce the amount of research required prior to the market open. Below is a list of sites that publish earnings calendars:
#7 Focus on One or Two Stocks
Focusing on one or two securities is all about keeping it simple. In all of the above examples, you would need to scan, watch and react quickly on a daily basis to a number of issues. If this is something that you feel is too much and you want to become a master of something simple, then look to trade the same one or two issues everyday may be the answer. When selecting a stock to trade you have two approaches: (1) select the most popular stock or (2) pick your favorite stock based on your past trading performance. #2 will largely depend on your own trading preferences, so I will cover a few top stocks for day trading:
- AAPL (Apple) - high volume and great price action. The popularity of the company has transferred over to the stock's popularity in the trading community
- S&P 500 Spiders - While this is not a stock but an ETF that follows the S&P index, the volume is huge and provides the means for you to trade the index without trading futures
- QQQ - formerly known as the QQQQ has been a fan favorite of active traders for over a decade
- GOOG (Google) - need I say more?
- TSLA (Tesla Motors, Inc.) - if you like volatility the stock moves as fast as its cars
- NFLX (Netflix) - the CEO is willing to make bold decisions, this has translated into significant price swings in the stock
- FB (Facebook) - there are few stocks that have polarized traders as much as Facebook
I think it's safe to say I am a little biased towards the NASDAQ when it comes to day trading. The NASDAQ's ability in the late 90's to facilitate order flow has in my mind forever stamped them as the preferred index for active traders.
Below are the benefits of trading one or two stocks:
- Learn the trading pattern
- Identify the technical indicators best suited for the security
- Less Stress
- Less work to do before and after the market close
There are multiple ways to select the best stocks for you to day trade. Remember trading is a journey, so don't try to figure it all out in one day. Just make sure your scan provides you the means to trade high volume stocks based on a sound system that consistently makes you money.
I hope you found this article to be helpful in your quest of finding the best stocks to day trade. If you would like to see how we can help you further, come over to Tradingsim.com and give our market movers a shot. I'm sure you will find it useful. Good Luck Trading.
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